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NOTE: This is part two, of a two part study.

From the time I first discovered this magnificent prophecy, sometime after I put my faith in Jesus Christ in the fall of 1977, I have been intrigued and desired to understand it. I had heard many teachers and preachers refer to it, and also make remarks about its fulfillment. Some stated that it seemed the prophecy had been fulfilled to within certain time periods in general, while others stated that it had been completely and exactly fulfilled down to the very day. The latter, however, never seemed to take the time or expend the effort to show why they understood that it had been so fulfilled.

In 1996, and with fear and trembling, I set out to see if I could understand it and also see how accurately it had been fulfilled. After about three weeks of ongoing research, I was amazed and became excited beyond expression when I saw that it had been fulfilled down to the very day.

The method I used is rather straightforward and simply, and I believe anyone can reduplicate my results if they wish.

I hope it helps you as much as it encouraged me.

Be sure you see Part I of this same study.

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A Chronological Analysis of the Kings Who Ruled Over Jerusalem From 606 to 331 B.C.

by Walter T. Robinson II, March 21, 1996, © 1996, 1998, All Rights Reserved

 

The historical dates of the kings have been taken from secular sources such as encyclopedias and history books.

The dates of these kings' activities dealing with Jerusalem and the Jews have been taken strictly from the Bible.

The Jews used the beginning of the reign of each king as their basis for recording the dates of important events.

 

 

Historical King

Date (B.C.)

Ezra’s Record

Nehemiah's Record

 

Nebuchadnezzar                     606–561                606-> ->                            2:1, 5:14      1st year. Past references.                  7:6     1st year. Past reference.

                                                                                586, 9th day                     <-      He Conquered Jerusalem in 606. 20                                 |

(II Kings 24:1–4)                                                   <-4th month->                 years later, he destroyed the walls in 586.                               |

                                                                                586, 5th day                     <-      28 years later, he also destroyed the                              V

(II Kings 25:8–9)                                                   <-7th month->                 Temple.

 

Cyrus II                                    536–529                536->                                1:1–3:7.       1st year. Ezra's historical

Born 598(?)—Died 529                                                                                  overview about the DECREE given to

(Also called “Darius                                                                                      rebuild the Temple in 536 when the Jew-

the Mede” in Daniel                                                                                      ish return from captivity actually began.

9:1?) Compare Daniel                                                                                     2:1–62.        The genealogy of all initial

11:1 of the Septuagint                                                                                   returnees are provided and is the same as

Version. (i.e., LXX)                                                                                        in Nehemiah 7:7–64 (scribal differences

                                                                                                                          noted). Zerubbabel led this group and also

                                                                                                                          laid the foundation of the Temple. (2:2)

                                                                                534, 15th–22nd               [Note: Ezra did not go to Jerusalem until

                                                                                day of the 7th                 the 7th year of Artaxerxes II. (7:1–8)]

                                                                                month->                           3:4–5 They then kept the “Fest of

                                                                                534, after the                   Tabernacles.” (3:4)

                                                                                22nd day of                     3:8–4:5.       2nd year. Construction on

                                                                                7th month->                    the Temple began in 534 and slowly

                                                                                                                          continued for 90 years until 446 till after

                                                                                                                          the wall was raised up by Nehemiah.

 

Cambyses                                529–522                (not mentioned)              No action. Work continued.

 

Darius I (Hystaspis)              521–485                                                          4:5. (passing mention) Work continued.

 

Xerxes I (Ahasuerus)            485–466                485->                                4:6.    1st year. A libelous letter

[He deposed Vashti in                                                                                   was written against the Jews working in

482. (Esther 1:3) He                                                                                        Jerusalem and was sent to “Ahasuerus”

then made Esther queen                                     478, (?) day                      in 485. But, it seems he ignored it and

in 478 (2:16) Five years                                        <- 7th month                   allowed the work to continue through

later she approached the                                                                              his reign and on into that of his son's

king on behalf of her                                           473, 16th day                   until probably 446.

people. (3:7, 12 & 5:1)                                          <-1st month                                         |

11 months later, they                                                                                                         |

were delivered from                                             473, 13–14th day                                V

Haman's plans. (9:15–17)                                    <-12th month

 

 

Page – 1
 


 

 

 

 

A Chronological Analysis of the Kings Who Ruled Over Jerusalem From 606 to 331 B.C.

by Walter T. Robinson II, March 21, 1996, © 1996, 1998, All Rights Reserved

 

 

Historical King

Date (B.C.)

Ezra’s Record

Nehemiah's Record

 

Artaxerxes I                             466–425                446, 6th (?) day                                    |                                                            1:1–14.    20th year. In 446, Nehemiah

(i.e. Longimanus)                                                 1st month—| |->                                   |                                                            was given official letters by the king

                                                                                                                                              V                                                           saying he had the legal right to go to

                                                                                446, 1st day                                                                                                       Jerusalem and rebuild the walls. (2:1–11)

                                                                                5th month—| |->                                                                                                          After securing various materials, he

                                                                                                                                                                                                            proceeded to Jerusalem. After surveying

                                                                                446, 3rd day                                                                                                       the city, he convinced the people already

                                                                                5th month—| |->                                                                                                there to help him rebuild the walls. (2:11–18)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The work began and progressed against

                                                                                     |                                                                                                                      opposition and scheming by the people of the

                                                                                     |                                                                                                                      surrounding nations. (2:19) Yet, the work

                                                                                    52 days later                                                                                                  continued until the wall was finished the

                                                                                     |                                                                                                                      same year in 446. (2:20–6:15) 5:14 adds

                                                                                     |                                                                                                                      that Nehemiah then served as governor of

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Jerusalem for 12 years until the 32nd year

                                                                                446, 25th day,                                                                                                    of Artaxerxes I's reign in 434.

                                                                                6th month                                                                                                                    The wall was quickly finished in 52,

                                                                                Elul—| |->                                                                                                           days on the 25th day of the 6th month, Elul.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            (6:15) Nehemiah then appointed two faithful

                                                                                                                                                                                                            God fearing men (7:1–2) to watch over

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Jerusalem because he was soon to return to

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Shushan in Persia to serve the king as he had

                                                                                                                                                                                                            previously promised. (2:6 & 13:6)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      However, before returning to Shushan, he

                                                                                                                                                                                                            gave a few last instructions to those he had placed

                                                                                                                                                                                                            in charge. (7:3) He was also led to take a census

                                                                                                                                                                                                            of all who had come out of Babylon in 536, realiz-

                                                                                                                                                                                                            ing the people were probably going to scatter to

                                                                                                                                                                                                            the surrounding villages because no houses had

                                                                                                                                                                                                            been built in Jerusalem so far. (7:4–5) And, to

                                                                                                                                                                                                            make sure everyone returned to the proper city of

                                                                                                                                                                                                            their inheritance, the census was necessary.

                                                                                446, 7th                                                                                                                        The census was finished shortly, and by

                                                                                month—| |->                                                                                                     the beginning of 7th month, most of the people

                                                                                                                                                                                                            had left Jerusalem to live in the surrounding

                                                                                                                          20th year. Non-Jews from                                     cities. (7:73)

                                                                                                                          Jerusalem sent the king a letter,                                     Nehemiah then returned to the king in

                                                                                                                          in the Syrian language, claiming                        Persia and continued to serve as the governor

                                                                                                                          the Wall he had allowed the                               in absentia. (13:6)

`                                                                                                                         Jews to build was going to be

                                                                                446, ? month->                used in a rebellion. As a result                                                 |

                                                                                4:7–24                               the king ordered a halt to all                                                       |

                                                                                                                          work on the Temple. (4:7–14)                                                     V

 

Xerxes II                                  425–424                (not mentioned)              Took no action.

 

Page – 2
 


 

 

 

 

 

A Chronological Analysis of the Kings Who Ruled Over Jerusalem From 606 to 331 B.C.

by Walter T. Robinson II, March 21, 1996, © 1996, 1998, All Rights Reserved

 

 

Historical King

Date (B.C.)

Ezra’s Record

Nehemiah's Record

 

Darius II                                   423–404                421->                                4:24–5:2.     2nd year. By the king's 2nd              [12:1–22. Past reference indicating it was dur-

(i.e. Nothius)                                                                                                   year, the work on the Temple had sat idle         ing this time Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel,

(Halley's date 423–405)                                                                                 for many years. Finally, the prophets led           rose up once more in Jerusalem and resumed

[Haggai 1:1–4 says the                                                                                  in resuming the work again. This caused           the work during the reign of Darius II. (12:22)

people's houses were up,                                                                             the Persian satrap, Tatnai, to investigate           This group was to complete the Temple begun in

yet the Temple still lay                                                                                  and ask about the wall which was raised           in 536 by Zerubbabel himself. (12:22) He was

in ruins in 2nd yr., 6th                                         421, 1st day                     up. (5:3) The ensuing investigation finally        accompanied by another Ezra, (12:1, 13) and the

month, & 1st day. In 1:8                                      <-6th month                    proved that Cyrus had indeed decreed              prophet named Zechariah (12:16). However,

the LORD commanded                                                                                  for the Jews in Jerusalem to rebuild the             there were other prophets already there, who—

them to resume building                                                                               Temple. (5:4–6:5)                                                    with Zechariah and other prophets—resumed

it. And, 1:14–15 says                                                                                               As a result, that same year (421),              the work on the Temple and encouraged the

they did so in the 6th                                          421, 24th day                   the king issued a DECREE to complete              others to also do so.]

month and 24th day.]                                          <-6th month                    the work according to the previous de-

                                                                                                                          crees made by Cyrus II, Darius II, and               *        Author's note: I realize my reckoning means

                                                                                417, 12th month,             Artaxerxes I. (6:6–14)                                             Zerubbabel would have to have been very old.

                                                                                Adar->                                       The Temple was finished in 4 years         For instance, his name means “descended or born

                                                                                                                          in the 12th month of the king's 6th year,          in Babylon” just as Matthew 1:12 records. If he

                                                                                                                          which was in 417. (6:15). [Zerubbabel is         had been 20 years old in 536, he would have been

                                                                                416, 1st month                not mentioned as living any more. -> *]             139 in 417 when the Temple was finally finished.

                                                                                14th day on for                         The Jews then dedicated the Temple       Even though such an age was somewhat un-

                                                                                50 days->                         and kept the Passover and the Feast of             usual by this time, it was not unheard of—even as

                                                                                (Lev. 23:5–16)                 Unleavened Bread for 50 days. (6:16–22)         some living into the early hundreds are even heard

                                                                                                                                                                                                            of today.

Artaxerxes II                            404–359                                                          7:1–10:44.   7th year. 20 years after the                         And, there are some Biblical references which

(Halley's date 405–358)                                       397, 1st day of                Temple was finished and dedicated, in              seem to indicate some old people who had formerly

                                                                                the 1st month->              397, on the 1st day of the 1st month, of              lived in captivity could possibly return at the end

                                                                                                                          the 7th year of the king (7:6–9), the                 of the period of captivity which came about when

                                                                                                                          king gave a DECREE for all those still            Ezra led the last group out of Babylon.

                                                                                                                          in Babylon to return to Jerusalem—if                         One such passage is found in Zechariah who

                                                                                                                          they desire to do so. (Ezra 7:13)                        was mentioned by Nehemiah in 12:16. Zechariah

                                                                                                                                    The king also DECREED for Ezra              actually said, “Thus saith the Lord of hosts; There

                                                                                397, 1st day                     the priest to go to Jerusalem and serve              shall yet old men and old women dwell in the

                                                                                and 5th                             as the official scribe. (7:21) He arrived               streets of Jerusalem, and every man with his staff

                                                                                month->                           the 1st day of the 5th month (7:8–9)                   in his hand for very age. (Zechariah 8:4) “Very

                                                                                                                                    Ezra then provides the genealogy of        age” literally means a “multitude of days.” Even

                                                                                                                          the last ones to come to Jerusalem from            thought it does not denote just how many, it does

                                                                                                                          Babylon with him. (8:1–14) He also gives          indicate “very many” which means very old age.

                                                                                                                          a brief history of the trip from Babylon                        In addition, another passage seems to indicate

                                                                                                                          and also describes an inventory of goods        Zechariah may have been on the verge of giving up

                                                                                397, 4th day                     the king had provided for them to carry             on seeing the Temple finished—perhaps because of

                                                                                and 5th                             to Jerusalem. (8:15–36)                                          old age. 4:6–8 actual says the Temple was not to

                                                                                month->                                     On the fourth day after he arrived             to be finished by Zerubbabel's own physical ability

                                                                                                                          (8:33), he once more took inventory of the        —but by God's Spirit. The Lord also promised

                                                                                                                          goods they had brought from Babylon.             that he would actually finish the Temple. (For

                                                                                                                          (8:33–36)                                                                  other refs. see, Gen. 47:9, Ex 34:7, & Josh. 24:29.)

 

 

 

Page – 3

 


 

 

 

 

 

A Chronological Analysis of the Kings Who Ruled Over Jerusalem From 606 to 331 B.C.

by Walter T. Robinson II, March 21, 1996, © 1996, 1998, All Rights Reserved

 

 

Historical King

Date (B.C.)

Ezra’s Record

Nehemiah's Record

                                                                                                                                                         

                                                                                                                                               |                                                                      Shortly after Ezra arrived in Jerusalem, the

                                                                                397, 1st day                                         |                                                            people came and asked him to read from the book

                                                                                and 7th                                                 V                                                           of Moses. (8:1) Thus, on the 1st day of the 7th

                                                                                month—| |->                                                                                                      month of 397 he began reading the Law and

                                                                                                                                                                                                            teaching the people how to understand and obey

                                                                                                                                                                                                            all therein. (8:2)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      It is also noted that the people gathered

                                                                                                                                                                                                            for these official matters at a place called the

                                                                                                                                                                                                            “street.” (8:1, 3 and 16).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In addition, each person now had a house

                                                                                                                                                                                                            covered with a roof—indicating significant time

                                                                                                                                                                                                            had past and the rebuilding of the city was

                                                                                                                                                                                                            finally complete. (8:16)

                                                                                397, 15th–22nd                                                                                                           The people then kept the “Feast of Taber-

                                                                                day of the 7th                                                                                                   nacles” under booths as in the times of Joshua, the

                                                                                month—| |->                                                                                                      son of Nun. (8:17–18) [Leviticus 23:34, says this

                                                                                                                                                                                                            feast was held from the 15th–22nd day of the

                                                                                397, 24th day                                                                                                     7th month, Ethanim. (Note: By now the Temple

                                                                                and 7th                                                                                                               had been finished and ready for 20 years.)]

                                                                                month—| |->                                                                                                                On the 24th day of the month (9:1), some

                                                                                                                                                                                                            of the people left their strange wives and families

                                                                                                                                                                                                            at home and joined the others in a solemn assembly

                                                                                                                                                                                                            to confess their sins and the iniquities of their

                                                                                                                                                                                                            their ancestors. (9:2) They also recounted the

                                                                                                                                                                                                            past blessings of God upon their nation. (9:3–37)

                                                                                                                                                                                                            The people then made a covenant with God and all

                                                                                                                                                                                                            the leaders signed it. (9:38) Those signing the

                                                                                                                                                                                                            covenant are then listed, including Nehemiah, the

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Levites, the non-Jewish Nethinim—and all the

                                                                                                                                                                                                            others who had separated from the those of the

                                                                                                                                                                                                            land by keeping the law of God. (10:1, 9, 28–30)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The people solemnly promised to obey all the

                                                                                                                                                                                                            laws of God. (10:28–29) They also promised not

                                                                                                                                                                                                            to intermarry with those who do not worship the

                                                                                                                                                                                                            God of Israel. (10:30) Moreover, they also made

                                                                                                                                                                                                            several other ordinances to obey God. (10:31–39)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Next, 1/10 of the people volunteered to live in

                                                                                                                                                                                                            the city. The rest took up residence in the cities

                                                                                                                                                                                                            around Jerusalem. Numerous other people were

                                                                                                                                                                                                            placed into various types of ministries. (11:1–11:36)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Nehemiah then provides an old list of names

                                                                                                                                                                                                            of priests, Levites, and prophets who had earlier

                                                                                                                                                                                                            came from Babylon during the reign of Darius II

                                                                                                                                                                                                            from 423–404 (12:1–22) He then names those

                                                                                                                                                                                                            who had served even earlier as various ministers.

Page – 4


 


 

 

 

A Chronological Analysis of the Kings Who Ruled Over Jerusalem From 606 to 331 B.C.

by Walter T. Robinson II, March 21, 1996, © 1996, 1998, All Rights Reserved

 

 

Historical King

Date (B.C.)

Ezra’s Record

Nehemiah's Record

                                                                                                                                                         

                                                                                                                                               |                                                            sometime during the time Nehemiah served as

                                                                                                                                               |                                                            governor from 446–434 (12:23–26) during which

                                                                                                                                              V                                                           another Ezra served as priest and official scribe.

                                                                                397, 7th month                                                                                                  (12:26) He then stops speaking of the past.

                                                                                after (?) the 24th                                                                                                         Nehemiah then resumes speaking of the

                                                                                day—| |->                                                                                                           present year when the wall was dedicated in

                                                                                (Perhaps 20th day                                                                                            397. (12:27–47)

                                                                                and 8th month?)                                                                                                         Once more Nehemiah begins to speak of a

                                                                                                                                                                                                            noteworthy past event. This time there was an

                                                                                                                                                                                                            embarrassing situation in which someone had set

                                                                                                                                                                                                            up special living quarters in the Temple for Tobiah

                                                                                                                                                                                                            during the time Nehemiah had been in Babylon (?)

                                                                                                                                                                                                            serving the king. (13:6) But, when he had recently

                                                                                                                                                                                                            come back to Jerusalem in the 5th month of 397,

                                                                                                                                                                                                            he threw all of Tobiah's personal belongings out

                                                                                                                                                                                                            and had the special chamber fumigated. (13:7–9)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Still recounting what he found when he first

                                                                                                                                                                                                            came back to Jerusalem, Nehemiah said he initially

                                                                                                                                                                                                            discovered that the Levites and other Temple work-

                                                                                                                                                                                                            ers had left the city so they could provide for

                                                                                                                                                                                                            themselves. Thus, the Temple services were being

                                                                                                                                                                                                            neglected. (13:10–12) However, he corrected the

                                                                                                                                                                                                            problem by setting up the Temple treasury so the

                                                                                                                                                                                                            people would began giving tithes again. (13:13–14)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      He also mentioned the past violations of the

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Sabbath which he also corrected. (13:15–22)

                                                                                397, 17th day                             Some four months after Ezra initially                  Nehemiah also recounted how certain Jews

                                                                                9th month->                    arrived, he was informed how some of the        had temporarily separated themselves from those

                                                                                (10:6–8)                            ministers had taken up with those from the       who did not keep the Law after Ezra had originally

                                                                                                                          surrounding lands, even though a covenant    read it in the hearing of the people. (13:1–3) Yet,

                                                                                                                          forbidding this had been signed by the             he later observed them being back with their

                                                                                                                          people a little less then 2 months earlier!           strange wives and children who could not even

                                                                                                                                    This left him astonished and caused        speak Hebrew—let alone read, hear and unders-

                                                                                                                          him to rend his garments as he began lead-      stand, or observe the Law. (13:23–24)

                                                                                                                          ing the people in mourning over their                          |

                                                                                                                          transgression. (9:1–4)                                                      |

                                                                                                                                    He then confessed the past sins of                    V

                                                                                                                      the people as he praised God for His

                                                                                                                      mercy and for providing the new “house

                                                                                                                      of God” and “wall.” He also mentioned

                                                                                                                      the other “desolations” which had also

                                                                                                                      been repaired. (9:5–9)

                                                                                                                                    Ezra then confesses the people's cur-

                                                                                                                      rent sin of marrying the ungodly from the

                                                                                                                                    (Continued on next page)

Page – 5


 


 

 

 

A Chronological Analysis of the Kings Who Ruled Over Jerusalem From 606 to 331 B.C.

by Walter T. Robinson II, March 21, 1996, © 1996, 1998, All Rights Reserved

 

 

Historical King

Date (B.C.)

Ezra’s Record

Nehemiah's Record

                                                                                                                                                         

                                                                                397, 20th day                   nations around them (9:10–15)                                                  |

                                                                                9th month->                              Some people soon joined Ezra wanting                          |

                                                                                (10:7)                                to make another (?) covenant promising to                             V

                                                                                                                          correct the evil practice once more. (10:1–4)    

                                                                                                                                    Finally, Ezra admonished the people       

                                                                                                                          to obey God. They then set out to examine      

                                                                                                                          the matter to determine just who the guilty      

                                                                                                                          were. (10:4–17)     

                                                                                                                                    Note: The official council to deal           

                                                                                396, 1st day                     with this was held on the “street.” (10:9)          

                                                                                1st month->                               A little over 3 month later, on the 1st      

                                                                                                                          day of the 1st month of 396, (10:17) the            

                                                                                                                          offenders are named. (10:17–44) They also      

                                                                                                                          take an oath to obey God by putting away                 Nehemiah then dealt severely with all the

                                                                                                                          their ungodly wives.                                              offenders and made them each comply. (13:25–30)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      He also assigned specific tasks to various

                                                                                                                                                                                                            priests and Levites. (13:30)

             Author's Note: This was a very hard lesson which shows the best time                                                                       Lastly, Nehemiah asked God to remember

           to cease from sin is before it begins and before it establishes deep seated roots!                                                    him. (13:31)

 

Artaxerxes III (Ocus)             359–338                (Not mentioned)

(Halley's date 358–338)

 

Arses                                       338–335                (Not mentioned)

 

Darius III                                 335–330                (Not mentioned)

 

Alexander the Great then conquered the region and the Greek Empire reigned until the Roman Empire came to power and endured unto and through the Time of Jesus Christ.

 

Seven important points to ponder in light of secular history and the past and prophetic record preserved in the Jewish Christian Bible:

 

1. The Jewish captivity began in 606. But, some were sent back to Jerusalem to rebuild the Temple in 536-> 70 years later. (Jeremiah 25:11, 29:10)

2. The Temple construction began 2 years later in 534 and continued until Artaxerxes I stopped it in->

446, after Nehemiah had officially been allowed to return and rebuild the wall around Jerusalem.

3. The Temple work was resumed in 421 and ended in 417. 20 years later, the city's “Wall” was dedicated after Ezra received the decree

to bring the last captives in Babylon to Jerusalem. This was -> 48.295 solar, but 49 prophetic day/years (7 “weeks of 7's”) after

Nehemiah received the decree to build the wall and he finished it in 397. (Each prophetic day represents 1 year, Ezekiel 4:6) *

4. Jesus was baptized and began His earthly ministry—and a little later He “cleansed the Temple” at the time of the Passover (1st month Nisan) in

A.D. 27-> 46 years after Herod began the last renovations on the Temple in 19 B.C. (John 2:20) He was 30 years of age. (Luke 3:23)

5. On the 4th Passover later, Jesus was crucified in A.D. 30-> 427.762 solar years, but 434 prophetic years (62 “weeks of 7's”) after 397.

6. Nehemiah was sent to rebuild the wall exactly 476.057 solar years, but 483 prophetic years (69 weeks of 7's”) before Jesus' death.

7. Lastly: The ultimate question. Is this all a mere coincidence? Not On Your Eternal Life.

Yeshua Is Messiah according to Daniel 9:22–26. Truth is indeed stranger than fiction, unless the Bible is God's word.

 

* Note: The Secular solar year is 365.25 days long. The Jewish prophetic year is only 360.

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Revised: August 26, 2013.